Different Ideas for Bird-Friendly Garden
First of all, it’s important to visit the nearby natural areas, including the parks and wildlife sanctuaries, before designing the bird-friendly garden. It’s a good way to get some idea about the natural bird habitat. Try to note which species are grown in these natural places. You can re-create a similar type of habitat with similar species to build a good bird-friendly garden.
Once you get the idea of the bird’s natural habitat, try to note it down on the page. Make a proper drawing of their perimeters, and sketch all the existing plants and shrubs. This map helps you to identify the best options to build a good bird-friendly garden. In this article, we will tell you some best ideas to build a bird-friendly garden.
Re-Create the Plant Layers Found in Local Areas
All the natural bird areas contain layers of different plants. For example, the Northeast forests of the United States have many dominant trees such as sugar maple and American beech. The second layer is consists of intermediate-sized trees such as hornbeam and serviceberry.
After that, the below layer started, which contain the tall shrubs as spicebush and witch-hazel, and some smaller shrubs such as fragrant sumac and maple leaf. In the end, there is a ground layer consist of partridgeberry and mosses.
Many forest edges are also layered with different plants, including dogwoods, nannyberry, and arrowwood. So, be sure to mimic the different vertical layers of the native plants in your garden, as it’s a handy rule of thumb for a bird-friendly garden.
Select the Plants That Provide Nutritional Foods to Birds
Many birds rely on the different plants for their nutritional needs depending upon the different seasons. For example, many birds get energy from fruits such as blackberries, mulberries, and wild cherries, especially during breeding.
Similarly, hummingbirds need sweet nectar flowers during their migrating season. So, it’s important to provide the flowering plants fall migrants. You can visit the birdfeederist to see the best flowering plants for hummingbirds and other nectar-feeding birds.
Moreover, the wintering birds such as finches, sparrows, and waxwings need persistent fruits such as conifers, bayberry, hawthorns, crabapples, and sumacs to survive during the freezing temperature. So, be sure to provide the various plants in your garden to target the year-round birds.
Plant Small Trees and Shrubs in the Same Species of Clumps
It’s a necessary step for the pollination of the dioecious shrubs. Planting in clumps helps to boost fertility and fruit yields, and they also provide the high visibility of fruit. Don’t plant the shrubs and trees in rows; try to maintain the natural look of your garden. The odd number of specimens in rounded patches is the best way. At least provide one clump of conifers, as the birds love to find shelter in the over-green conifers during storm and winter weather.
Spare a Dead Tree
Birds love to perch on the dead trees. They use these trees as a singing post to defend their territories. You can also leave some dead branches on the live trees. Even many birds choose the dead trees for nesting; for example, the woodpeckers choose the softwood of the dead trees to make their cavities. These are the best anchors for the birdhouses.
Leave Vines or Plant Them
Vines are good to provide perches and nesting places to birds. These also provide the leaf surfaces to insect-eaters such as warblers, and kinglets.
Limit the Lawn Size
The manicured lawns are not providing much food to birds. Actually, these are responsible for many other problems associated with fertilizers and mowing. People use pesticides to control insects and diseases, which are equally dangerous for the birds as well. Try to plant more native species rather than using fertilizers and pesticides. Try to reduce the area dedicated to grass and replace it with other low-maintenance plants.
Provide a Freshwater Source
Birds get most of their needy water from their food, but still, they use open water sources for drinking and bathing. The birds are especially drawn to the water sources in some regions, including arid regions like mountains and deserts.
They also use the water supplies to cool down during the heat of summer. Most of the birds in search of fresh land water during their migration. Many small birds also get a bath in the water collected in the midribs. Make sure to keep your bathing tub clean during the summer days.
Provide Nest Boxes
Sometimes the birds are not able to nest in the tree cavities. Even many bird species rely on the woodpeckers for their nesting and roosting places. Larger birds enlarge the woodpecker nests and make them suitable for themselves.
The simplest way to attract the maximum number of nesting birds is to provide nest boxes. Most of the bird species love to raise their young in the nest boxes, including the bluebirds, tree swallows, purple martin, and Prothonotary Warbler.
Leave Some Leaf Litter
You can use the leaves to create the feeding places for the ground-feeding birds. The ground-feeding birds like thrashers, white-throated sparrows, and robins love these leaves. You can simply rake these leaves under the hedges or trees to produce a dense shade.